HEC Outline (TLD)


The course aims to introduce students to the basic theories of language to enhance their understanding of Linguistics. By the end of this course students will be able to develop a thorough understanding of the philosophical and theoretical frameworks, the knowledge of which is essential for linguistic analysis.



·       Language and Philosophy

·       Issues in the Philosophy of Language

·       Some major philosophers and their philosophy of language (Bakhtin, Locke, Wittgenstein, etc)

·       Theories of Language

·       Major Schools of Linguistics:

o   Historicism

o   Structuralism

o   Descriptivism

o   Functionalism

o   Generativism


Essential Readings:
Bookm01. Martinich, Aloysius P., ed. The Philosophy of Language. 4th ed. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2001. ***
Bookm02. Kripke, Saul. Naming and Necessity. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1980.
Bookm03. Lycan, William G. Philosophy of Language: A Contemporary Introduction, Routledge, 2008.
Book14. Morris, M. (2007). An Introduction to the Philosophy of Language. Cambridge University Press. ***

Recommended Readings:

1. Becker, J. C. (2005). A Modern Theory of Language Evolution. iUniverse.  (yet to be sourced)

2. Buhler, K. (1990). Theory of Language: the representational function of language.  (PDF Available - Ask your tutor)

3. Chapman, S. (2000). Philosophy for Linguistics: an introduction. Routledge.

4. Chapman, S., & Routledge, C. (2005). Key Thinkers in Linguistics and the Philosophy of Language. Routledge. (yet to be sourced) 

5. Devitt, M., & Hanley, R. (2006). The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of LanguageBlackwell Publishing.

6. Devitt, M., & Sterenly, K. (1999). Language and Reality: An Introduction to the Philosophy of language. (Second edition). Blackwell Publishing. (PDF Available - Ask your tutor)

7. Frajzyngier, Z., Hodges, A., & Rood, S. D. (Eds.), (2005). Linguistic Diversity and Language Theories. John Benjamins Publishing Company.

8. Hale, B., & Wright, C. (Eds.), (2003). A Companion to the Philosophy of Language. Blackwell Publishing.

9. Hornby, J., & Longworth, G. (2006). Reading Philosophy of Language. Blackwell Publishing.

10. Losonsky, M. (2006). Linguistic Turns in Modern Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.  (yet to be sourced)

11. Mahmoudian, M. (1993). Modern theories of language: the empirical challenge. Duke University Press.  (yet to be sourced)

12. Metthews, H. P. (1993).Grammatical theory in the United States from Bloomfield to Chomsky. Cambridge University Press.

13. Metthews, P. (2001). A Short History of Structural Linguistics. Cambridge University Press.

14. Morris, M. (2007). An Introduction to the Philosophy of Language. Cambridge University Press. ***

15. Subrahmanyam, K. (2008). Theories of Language: oriental and occidental. D.K Printworld. (yet to be sourced)

16. Weisler, E.S., & Milekic, S. (2000) . Theory of Language. MIT Press